What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of lots of related diseases that all pertain to cells. Cells are the very small systems that comprise all living things, including the human body. There are billions of cells in everyone's body.
Cancer takes place when cells that are not normal grow and spread really quickly. Normal body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. With time, they likewise die. Unlike these typical cells, cancer cells simply continue to grow and divide out of control and do not die when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells normally group or clump together to form growths (say: TOO-mers). A growing tumor ends up being a lump of cancer cells that can ruin the typical cells around the growth and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone very sick.
Often cancer cells break away from the initial tumor and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form brand-new growths. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a new place in the body is called transition (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You probably know a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. However you most likely don't know any kids who've had cancer. If you loaded a big football arena with kids, probably only one kid because arena would have cancer.
Doctors aren't sure why some people get cancer and others don't. They do understand that cancer is not infectious. You can't capture it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by bacteria, like colds or the influenza are. So do not be afraid of other kids-- or anyone else-- with cancer. You can speak with, have fun with, and hug somebody with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids believe that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't true! Kids do not do anything incorrect to get cancer. However some unhealthy habits, especially smoking or drinking excessive alcohol every day, can make you a lot more most likely to get cancer when you end up being an adult.
Learning about Cancer
It can take a while for a physician to determine a kid has cancer. That's since the signs cancer can trigger-- weight loss, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling excessively exhausted or ill for a while-- typically are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's typically triggered by something less serious, like an infection. With medical testing, the doctor can determine what's triggering the difficulty.
If the medical professional believes cancer, he or she can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A physician may purchase X-rays and blood tests and advise the individual visit an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a medical professional who takes care of and treats cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover if someone truly has cancer. If so, tests can identify what sort of cancer it is and if it has actually spread out to other parts of the body. Based upon the results, the doctor will decide the very best way to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a surgeon) may carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is eliminated from a growth or a location in the body where cancer is believed, like the bone marrow. Do not stress-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfortable during the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be examined under a microscope for cancer cells.
The quicker cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's opportunities are for a complete healing and Discover more here treatment.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or often a mix of these treatments. The option of treatment depends upon:
Surgery is the oldest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the doctor tries to take out as many cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may also be removed to make sure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the use of anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medicines are sometimes taken as a pill, but usually are given through a special intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, generally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.